Scroll: The top of the neck of the violin, shaped like a scroll. The peg box is found connected to and below the scroll.
Peg Box: Found below the scroll, this part of the violin holds the pegs which tune the strings they are connected to.
Fine Tuners: Found on the tail piece of the violin these are connected to the strings and when turned put pressure, or release pressure on the strings to make the sound produced sharper or flatter.
Tailpiece: the triangular piece of metal at the bottom of the violin, the strings are attached to this and it usually has a set of fine tuners, one on each string so that the strings can be tuned very carefully within a tone or two.
Luthier: a person who makes violins. A Luthier is also a person who specialised in repairing violins. Luthiers train for years to be skilled in the exact art of violin making and repairing.
Rosin: A plant extract that is rubbed on the hairs of the bow to lubricate it.
Silk scarf: a silk scarf is put in the case to protect the violin
Pegs: The pegs are found in the peg box and the strings are attached to them. There are pegs, one for each string.
Duster: Just an ordinary household duster, these are kept in violin cases to clean the violin with.
Shoulder rest: A strap that attaches to the violin and rests on the shoulder.
Tuning fork: A metal fork tuned to a particular note, the fork resonates and produces the note when hit on a hard surface.
Electric tuner: A small machine that tells you if you are sharp or flat when you play into it. They are available very cheaply.